Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and other elements, and are organic compounds with biological functions and chemical structures.
In many scientific articles, there are often mentioned carbohydrates this substance, perhaps there are many people do not know, carbohydrates is a kind of substance, let us go together to understand it.
Carbohydrates are usually divided into two categories: effective carbohydrates that can be absorbed and utilized by the human body and ineffective carbohydrates that cannot be digested.
Long ago, carbohydrates were well used. Today, carbohydrate-rich plants are used as food, to make fermented drinks, and to feed animals. It was not until a German scholar isolated pure sugar from sugar beets and glucose from grapes in the 18th century that carbohydrate research developed rapidly.
Carbohydrates are an important part of living cells and the main energy-supplying substances, and have the function of regulating cell activities. There are three main forms of carbohydrates in the body, glucose, glycogen and sugar-containing complexes.
When there are too many carbohydrates in the diet, they are usually converted into fat and stored in the human body, which will make people too obese and lead to various diseases such as hyperlipidemia and diabetes.
Most of the carbohydrates in the diet come from plant foods, such as potatoes, cereals, root vegetables and legumes in crops, and edible sugars. Carbohydrates are absorbed only when they are digested and broken down into glucose, fructose, and galactose.