The five internal organs include the heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney; the six internal organs include the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, gallbladder, bladder, and triple burner.
The word “five internal organs” is often heard in Chinese medicine, many people only know that refers to the organs of the human body, the specific refers to what is not understood, the following small to give you a detailed introduction.
Heart: the heart is between the second rib and the eighth rib, showing a slightly flat cone, from the left midline of the left axilla to the right midline of the clavicle.
Liver: the liver is the largest parenchymal organ in the human body. It is wedge-shaped, with a left and right diameter of 25 cm, and a anterior and posterior diameter of 15 cm. Most of it is in the right upper abdomen, a small part is beyond the median line to the left upper abdomen, and the upper boundary is at the right middle line of the clavicle and the upper edge of the fifth rib, lower bound right rib edge. The liver is the largest digestive gland in the human body, an important organ for material metabolism and detoxification in the body, and can secrete bile.
Spleen: The normal spleen of an adult is about the palm of the hand, and looks like a broad bean. They are located deep in the left quarter rib and are covered by the 9th, 10th, and 11th ribs. The peritoneum around the spleen is wrinkled and connected to the nearby organs to form various ligaments. Support and fix the spleen. The spleen is the largest lymphatic organ of the human body and has the functions of hematopoiesis, blood filtration and immunity.
Lungs: The lungs are located in the thoracic cavity, on either side of the mediastinum, and are divided into left and right lungs. The left lung is narrower and longer than the right lung because the heart is flat; the right lung is wider and shorter than the left lung because of the liver under the diaphragm.
Kidney: the kidney is located on both sides of the spine, just above the back of the abdominal cavity. The lower margin of the 11th thoracic vertebra and the lower margin of the 2nd lumbar vertebra were flattened at the left renal end. The right kidney is half a vertebra lower than the left kidney because of the liver above it.
Stomach: About 3/4 of the stomach is located in the left hypochondriac region, and 1/4 is located in the upper abdominal region. The cardia is on the left side of the 11th thoracic vertebra, and the p
Small intestine, small intestine is the longest in the digestive tube section, total length of about 5 to 7 m, is the most important parts of the digestive food and absorb the nutrients.
Large intestine: The length of the large intestine is about 1.5m.According to the location and characteristics of the large intestine, it can be divided into the cecum, appendix, colon and rectum.
Gallbladder: The gallbladder is located under the liver, and the function of the gallbladder is to store and concentrate bile.
Bladder: The adult bladder is located in the front of the small pelvic cavity. When empty, the bladder tip generally does not exceed the upper edge of the pubic symphysis; When filling, the bladder tip may be higher than the upper edge of the pubic symphysis.
Sanjiao: Sanjiao refers to the upper focus, medium focus, and lower focus, which divides the five internal organs above the six internal organs into three equal parts. It can be understood as the upper focus for the gallbladder, the medium focus for the stomach and small intestine, and the lower focus for the large intestine and bladder.