The so-called “five lakes”, namely Dongting Lake, Poyang Lake, Taihu Lake, Chao Lake and Hongze Lake, are the five major freshwater lakes in China. The “four seas” are the East China Sea, the Yellow Sea, the South China Sea and the Bohai Sea.
Five lakes and four seas is a familiar idiom that describes all parts of the country, and sometimes refers to unity. So do you know what “five lakes” and “four seas” refer to in the idiom “five lakes and four seas”?
Located in the north of Hunan Province, Dongting Lake was formerly known as “Yunmeng”, “Jiujiang” and “Chonghu”. It is located on both sides of the Jingjiang River in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Dongting Lake originated from the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, and was named after Dongting Mountain (now Junshan Mountain) in the lake. In addition, Dongting Lake north of the Yangtze River, south of Xiang River, Zi River, Yuanjiang, Li River Four rivers, an area of 2820 square kilometers, is China’s second largest freshwater lake, so “800 Li Dongting Lake,” the title.
Poyang Lake is located in the north of Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, formerly known as “Peng Li”, “Peng Lize” and “Peng Ze”. It is located on the south bank of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtz
Taihu lake is located in the south of China’s jiangsu province, used to be called “zhen ze”, “area”, also known as “five lakes”, “dai li ze”, is one of the five largest fresh water lake in China, spanning two provinces of jiangsu, zhejiang, close to wuxi, north near huzhou, south near the yixing west, east near suzhou. The overall lake area is 2427.8 square kilometers, of which there are more than 50 major rivers in and out.
Located in Hefei, Anhui Province, The old name “South Nest,” “Home Nest.” Between Hefei and Wuhu, The total area is 2,046 square kilometers, and the lake is also the “three water capital,” It has the title of “Land of Fish and Rice.”
Hongze Lake, the fourth largest freshwater lake in China, is located in the lower reaches of the Juhuai River in western Jiangsu Province. Formerly known as “Fuling Lake”, “Broken Cauldron Pond” and “Hongzepu”. The overall lake area is 2069 square kilometers. Hongze Lake is a vast lake with rich resources. It has a very long history and has the title of “fighting gold at sunrise”.
The East China Sea is a marginal sea surrounded by the Chinese mainland, Taiwan, the Korean Peninsula, Japan’s Kyushu Island and the Ryukyu Islands. The area is 770,000 square kilometers, and the overall sea area is 349 meters. The northeast is connected with the Sea of Japan through the Taiwan Strait, and the southwest with the South China Sea through Taiwan. The average annual water temperature is 20-24 ℃, and the annual temperature difference is 7-9 ℃.
The Yellow Sea is a marginal sea in the western Pacific Ocean, and it is a typical semi-closed marginal sea in the western Pacific Ocean, located between my country and the Korean Peninsula. It is a semi-enclosed sea approximately north-south. In the northwest, it is connected by the Bohai Sea and the Bohai Strait. In the east, it is connected to Korea by the Jeju Strait. In the south, it is separated from the East China Sea by the line from Qidong Corner, the northeast bank of the Yangtze Estuary, to the southwest corner of Jeju Island. Therefore, the Yellow Sea is divided into two parts: the North Yellow Sea and the South Yellow Sea. The area of the North Yellow Sea is about 81,000 square kilometers, and the area of the South Yellow Sea is about 409,000 square kilometers.
The South China Sea is located in the south of the Chinese mainland. It is the western Pacific Ocean and one of the three marginal seas of China. The natural sea area is about 3.5 million square kilometers, and China’s total territorial sea area is about 2.1 million square kilometers. It is the largest and deepest water area in China, with an average water depth of 1,212 meters and a maximum depth of 5,559 meters.
Finally, the Bohai Sea, located in the northern tip of the eastern part of the Chinese mainland, is an inland sea of the People’s Republic of China, which belongs to the category of internal waters. It is composed of four parts: Liaodong Bay, Bohai Bay, Laizhou Bay and the Central Sea Basin. The main rivers that flow into the sea are the Yellow River, Liaohe River, Laihe River and Haihe River, with an overall area of 77,284 square kilometers and a total annual runoff of 88.8 billion cubic meters. At the same time, the Bohai Sea is also the largest salt production base in my country, and it is a rare “liquid salt field” with large reserves, shallow burial, and high concentration.