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What are folktales

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There are many folk stories in our country, such as The Legend of the White Snake, The Cowherd and the Weaver Girl, Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai, Meng Jiangnu crying on the Great Wall, Nezha making troubles in the sea, and Pangu creating the world and so on.

Folk tales are generally stories created and spread by working people, and the concept of folk tales has been around for a long, long time.

Detailed content

01

“Cowherd and Weaver Girl”

“The Weaver Girl and the Cowherd” is a famous Chinese folk love story. Legend has it that the granddaughter of the ancient Emperor of heaven, Zhi Nu, was an expert in weaving cloth and made rosy clouds for the sky every day. She hated this boring life and sneaked down to the mortal world, he married a cowherd in Hexi and lived a life of farming and weaving. This angered the Heavenly Emperor, who captured the weaver girl back to the Heavenly Palace, ordered them to separate, and allowed them to meet once a year on the Queqiao on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month. Their strong love moved the magpies, and countless magpies flew in and built a magpie bridge across the Tianhe with their bodies, allowing the cowherd and weaver girl to meet on the Tianhe. The seventh day of the seventh lunar month, commonly known as the “Qixi Festival”, is said to be the day when the Cowherd and Weaver Girl meet on the “Magpie Bridge” every year. For thousands of years, this ancient and moving love story has been passed down from generation to generation, and this day is also known by modern people as the Chinese version of “Valentine’s Day”.

02

“Meng Jiangnu Cries the Great Wall”

It is a famous folk legend in ancient China, which is widely spread in the form of drama, ballads, poetry, rap and so on. Legend has it that during the reign of the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, the labor was heavy. When young men and women Fan Xiliang and Meng Jiangnu were married for three days, the bridegroom was forced to set out to build the Great Wall. Soon after, he died of hunger, cold and fatigue, and his bones were buried under the Great Wall. Lady Meng Jiang, dressed in cold clothes, went through all kinds of hardships, thousands of miles to find her husband came to the side of the Great Wall, but received the bad news of her husband. She wept for three days and nights as the city crumbled, revealing Lady Meng Jiang’s body, and Lady Meng Jiang threw herself into the sea in despair. The legend of Meng Jiangnv crying over the Great Wall is not only widely spread in Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hubei, Gansu, Hebei, Beijing, Henan, Hunan, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang,

03

“The butterfly lovers”

It is about the Western Jin Dynasty, Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai were in the same window for 3 years, and they could not see his daughter’s body.Before Liang Shanbo died, he asked his family to bury himself on the side of the road where Zhu Yingtai’s wedding palanquin passed, so that he could see Zhu Yingtai getting married, and Zhu Yingtai learned that he was married in filial clothes, and when passing Liangshanbo’s grave, he proposed to worship in the palanquin, and died in front of the willow tree while people were not prepared. The legend of Liang Zhu is the most radiant oral transmission art in China, and it is also the only Chinese folklore that has a wide impact in the world. Some people often call “Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai” “Romeo and Juliet” of the East”——— however, “Liang Zhu”, which also embodies the loyal spirit of human beings to love, is not only thousands of years earlier than “Luo Zhu”, but the content of the story is also much more tortuous and vivid.

04

“The White Snake”

The Legend of the White Snake was mature and popular in the Qing Dynasty, and was a model of Chinese folk collective creation. It describes a tortuous love story between a snake spirit and a human being. The story includes the following plots: the boat is covered with an umbrella, the White Lady steals ganoderma lucidum and fairy grass, the water overflows the golden mountains, the Broken Bridge, the Leifeng Tower, the Shilin Pagoda, the son of Xu Xianzhi, and Fahai escapes to death. It expresses the people’s praise and yearning for the free love between men and women and their hatred for the unreasonable restraints of feudal forces. It was included in the “first batch of national intangible cultural heritage”. And take this story as the prototype to shoot a number of film and television plays and cartoons.

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