Karst landforms are formed by the long-term erosion of rocks by surface water and other factors leading to gravitational collapse of rocks.
Karst geomorphology is a peculiar geological phenomenon, which often presents the scenery of peaks and forests, so how on earth is karst geomorphology formed? Let’s get to know it together.
Karst landforms are generally divided into surface and underground landforms. The surface lava landforms include Koster funnel, karst depression and karst basin; The underground part includes karst caves and underground rivers.
Karst landform is widely distributed in China, mainly distributed in Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan and other provinces and regions, while abroad is mainly distributed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, France, Russia, Australia and other regions.
As early as the Song Dynasty and Ming Dynasty, the karst landform phenomenon was studied in China. There are detailed records of this strange landform phenomenon in ancient books.
Among them, the book “Xu Xiake’s Travel Notes” in the Ming Dynasty has a detailed description and research on karst landforms, and this research result is 250 years earlier than that in Europe.
The decisive factor for the formation of karst landforms is the ability of water to dissolve. Because the surface water in karst landform areas has a large flow rate and is relatively active, it is easy to form karst landforms.